Under the title ‘The Vertical Village – Individual, Informal, Intense Taipei’ the exhibition explores the rapid urban transformation of East Asia, the qualities of urban villages, and the potential to develop much denser, vertical settlements as a radical alternative to the identical block-like architecture of standardised units and their consequences for city life. The exhibition, which itself is designed as an urban village, consists of analytical research, various documentaries and animations, two software tools for urban development, and a scale model of a possible Vertical Village developed by MVRDV. Visitors can design their ideal house and compose their own Vertical Village with the parametric software packages.
The City of Taipei Government, the Hamburg Museum and IBA Hamburg invited MVRDV and The Why Factory to move the Vertical Village exhibition to Germany. The exhibition was redesigned into an extensive installation, where visitors can experience a walk-through, life-sized scale model of a Vertical Village composed of more than 20 ’houses’ that turn the museum itself into a village. In the famous courtyard of the historic Hamburg Museum a conceptual model of the Vertical Village is exhibited.
The pressure of rural to urban migration on East Asian cities has lead to increasing urbanization and densification over the last few decades. It has made way for the construction of gigantic buildings, mostly towers, blocks and slabs. A ‘Block Attack’ that gradually replaces and scrapes away the more traditional low rise, small scale, often ‘lighter’ types of architecture and urbanism: the individual houses of Taipei, the hutongs of Beijing, the small wooden houses o Tokyo, or the villages of Singapore and other East Asian cities. These urban villages form intense and socially connected communities, with enormous differentiation and individualised identities. One can speak of these as urban ecologies, communities that have evolved over the course of centuries. Their faceless replacements, packed with identical apartment units, offer a Western standard of living at an affordable price, at the expense of diversity, flexibility and individual expression. Is there an alternative to this process?
Can we imagine a new model for the development of East Asian cities? Can these areas be densified in such a way that the qualities of the traditional village are preserved and enriched? The Vertical Village exhibition offers an alternative to the ‘Block Attack’, a contemporary Vertical Village – a three-dimensional community that brings personal freedom, diversity, flexibility and neighbourhood life back into East Asian cities. This theory is tested with a case study on a site in Taipei's ZhongShan District.
And what could the Vertical Village concept – in principle developed as proposal for the future development of Asian cities – contribute to the discussion in a European context? Could exhibiting the Vertical Village concept in Hamburg thus help to liberate our sometimes limited European cities, to add more diversity, programmatic richness and flexibility to our cities, and to allow for more individual and collective initiatives and creative development models?
Artists from Taiwan have contributed work connected to the theme of the Vertical Village: ‘Arcadia in the Back Alley’ by Hsie Ying-Chun, ‘City Cabin’ by Hsiao Yu-Chi and ‘Whispers of the City’ by artist collective Interbreeding Field. Along with the exhibition a catalogue of ‘the Vertical Village’ will be published in German and English. The 100 page volume contains the extensive research that took place, made easily understood with countless colour illustrations.
The exhibition and publication has been made possible with the generous support of the City of Taipei, the JUT Foundation for Arts and Architecture Taipei, Delft University of Technology, The Why Factory, ASUS Xonar (audio partner), BenQ, and Fatboy. The urban furniture objects of the sculpture are made by Sixinch.
The Hamburg Museum was founded in 1908 as museum for Hamburg’s history. It represents the rich and varied history of the Hanseatic, or Free port city, from its beginnings in 800 BC to the present. Hamburg Museum is one of the largest urban history museums in Europe.
The Vertical Village exhibition is part of IBA Hamburg: for more than a century, the letters IBA have stood for “Internationale Bauausstellung” (International Building Exhibition). Not perhaps a strictly accurate title, because an IBA is far more than an exhibition in the conventional sense. It’s not just about showing buildings. It’s about real-time research and development, like a laboratory. Except that the laboratory is in fact an entire district in the city and research leads to actual built spaces. The chosen sites for IBA Hamburg are the Elbe islands between HafenCity and Harburg. Its research remit – in common with that of the eight IBAs before – to develop the city of the future. Where are we headed, how and where will we live, work and learn 20 years on? And how will we solve major problems like climate change?
For more information: www.iba-hamburg.de and www.hamburgmuseum.de